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110 Detailed Policies

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3 Detailed Policies

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Yang

Bernie

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The Economy

14% of Americans identify the economy as the most important problem facing the country today - (1)

Yang
  • The problem - “In the next 12 years, 1 out of 3 American workers are at risk of losing their jobs to new technologies—and unlike with previous waves of automation, this time new jobs will not appear quickly enough in large enough numbers to make up for it." (2)

  • The solution - “The Freedom Dividend, a Universal Basic Income of $1,000 per month for each American, over the age of 18, no strings attached, paid for largely by a value-added tax. (3)

Bernie
  • The problem - “In the wealthiest nation in the history of the world, everyone who can work in America should have the right to a decent-paying job. We can and should have a full-employment economy. In 1944, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt talked about the right of every American to have a job.”

  • The solution - “As part of the Green New Deal, we need millions of workers to rebuild our crumbling infrastructure... we need hundreds of thousands of workers to provide quality care to the young children of our country...we will need many more workers to provide supportive services for seniors to help them age in their homes and communities

The Freedom Dividend 

Human Centered Capitalism

$15 minimum wage

Job Guarantee

  • The problem - “Our current emphasis on corporate profits isn’t working for the vast majority of Americans." (4)

  • The solution - “Change the way we measure the economy, from GDP and the stock market to a more inclusive set of measurements that ensures humans are thriving, not barely making it by. New measurements like Median Income and Standard of Living, Health-adjusted Life Expectancy, Mental Health, Childhood Success Rates, Social and Economic Mobility, Absence of Substance Abuse, and other measurements will give us a much clearer and more powerful sense of how we are doing both individually and as a society… The government’s goal should be to drive individuals and organizations to find new ways to improve the standards of living of individuals and families on these dimensions.” (5)

  • The problem - “It is a national disgrace that millions of full-time workers are living in poverty and millions more are forced to work two or three jobs just to pay their bills,” Sanders said at the outdoor rally near the Capitol. “In the year 2015, a job must lift workers out of poverty, not keep them in it.  The current federal minimum wage of $7.25 an hour is a starvation wage and must be raised to a living wage.”

  • The solution - "Raise the minimum wage to $15 by 2024"

Healthcare

7% of Americans identify healthcare as the most important problem facing the country today - (1)

Yang
  • The problem - “Access to quality healthcare is one of the most important factors in overall well being, and yet America is one of the few industrialized nations not to provide healthcare for all of its citizens. Instead, we have a private healthcare system that leaves millions uninsured and bankrupts even some of those who do have health insurance. At the same time, our cost of care is higher than in almost any other industrialized country while providing worse outcomes”

  • The solution

Sanders
  • The problem - “Today, more than 30 million Americans still don’t have health insurance and even more are underinsured. Even for those with insurance, costs are so high that medical bills are the number one cause of bankruptcy in the United States. Incredibly, we spend significantly more of our national GDP on this inadequate health care system—far more per person than any other major country. And despite doing so, Americans have worse health outcomes and a higher infant mortality rate than countries that spend much less on health care. Our people deserve better.”

  • The solution

Medicare for All

The Opioid Crisis

Health Care for All

  • The problem - “The opiate addiction crisis exists in large part because our government thought it was okay for companies to make a lot of money prescribing addictive opiates to millions of people. This was a failure of government. And now the Federal Government must do all it can to address this crisis, including funding treatment for millions of Americans. There is a modern-day plague in America and we cannot rest until it is controlled and defeated". "Approximately 115 AMERICANS die each day from an opioid overdose. Many more struggle through addiction, including all the negative health and behavioral impacts that it entails. Nearly 220 MILLION prescriptions for opioids were written in 2016, despite the risks of these drugs being well known, and over 2.6 MILLION are addicted to opiates….Outside of the immediate health effects, drug trafficking and related crimes have sprung up in communities throughout America in order to cater to these addictions. And our country’s healthcare system, complicit in the creation of the crisis, hasn’t found a way to treat the outbreak."

  • The solution

  1. "Through a Medicare for All system, we can ensure that all Americans receive the healthcare they deserve. Not only will this raise the quality of life for all Americans, but, by increasing access to preventive care, it will bring overall healthcare costs down.

  2. Holistic healthcare for all Americans

  3. Bend the cost curve of healthcare down

  4. Focus on preventive and holistic

  5. Change the incentive structure doctor

  6. Allow doctors and hospitals to innovate in treatment"

  1. "Quintuple Federal funding, from $4.5 to $20 billion per year directed toward addiction treatment and rehabilitation for addictive opiates at the local levels. 

  2. Impose a new tax on opiate manufacturers to fund treatment and rehabilitation, retroactive to 2005. The drug companies will pay to treat the conditions they have profited from. 

  3. Decriminalize, at the federal level, small quantities of opioid use and possession (anything under 5-10 days of personal use).

  4. Make treatment programs much more available and affordable to anyone found with small quantities of these drugs.

  5. Change the incentive structure doctor

  6. The FDA should allow only doctors who complete specialized education in pain management to prescribe opioids for more than a few days. All states should limit the size of prescriptions and require all opioid prescriptions to be made from hospitals instead of individual offices/practices"

  1. "Joining every other major country on Earth and guaranteeing health care to all people as a right, not a privilege, through a Medicare-for-all, single-payer program."

  2. "Allow Medicare to negotiate with the big drug companies to lower prescription drug prices with the Medicare Drug Price Negotiation Act."

  3. "Allow patients, pharmacists, and wholesalers to buy low-cost prescription drugs from Canada and other industrialized countries with the Affordable and Safe Prescription Drug Importation Act."

The Opioid Crisis

  • The problem - "The opioid epidemic is estimated to cost the United States over $78 billion per year. In 2016 alone, over 42,000 people died from opioid overdoses. From 1999 to 2016, the number of opioid overdose deaths more than tripled, and U.S. life expectancy as a whole fell for the third year in a row in 2017, due in part to the increase in opioid-related deaths.

  • The solution - "Any company found in violation of the Opioid Crisis Accountability and Results Act would be fined 25 percent of the profits from their opioid products. Drug manufacturers who illegally advertise, market or distribute an opioid product would also be stripped of any remaining period of market exclusivity for that opioid product, and would lose half of the remaining exclusivity period on other opioid products they have on the market. The legislation would also fine any company found liable for contributing to the opioid epidemic $7.8 billion—10 percent of the annual cost of the opioid crisis."

The Environment

4% of Americans identify the environment as the most important problem facing the country today - (1)

Yang
  • The problem - “Climate change is an existential threat to humanity and our way of life. It should be a top priority of the federal government to implement policies to control anthropogenic climate change while working with other governments to implement these policies throughout the world." "It’s important to regulate fossil fuels, both to control climate change and to improve the health of the average American. Renewable energy must be invested in, not only as a means of moderating climate change but also to drive economic growth. However, innovation must also be relied on to reverse the damage already caused." "While the role of the federal government is important, much of the work will be done at the state, or even neighborhood, level. The federal government should support local efforts through funding and market-based incentives. "

  • The solution

Sanders
  • The problem - "Climate change is the single greatest threat facing our planet. Yet the giant, multi-national fossil fuel corporations have spent hundreds of millions of dollars furthering their greed and protecting their profits at the expense of our climate and our future.  The recent report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has made it clear that if we fail to substantially cut the amount of carbon in our atmosphere in under 11 years, the human, environmental, and economic costs will be severe and irreversible."

  • The solution

Combat climate change

Climate Change & Green New Deal

  1. "Invest heavily in carbon capture and geoengineering technologies designed to reverse the damage already done to the environment through a new Global Geoengineering Institute and invite international participation.

  2. Invest in any idea that has the potential to reverse the damage done to the environment, for example cloud-seeding technology to increase the atmosphere’s reflectivity.

  3. Institute a tax on emissions that will fund health care initiatives and research for respiratory diseases that are a direct result of these emissions.

  4. Empower and appoint an action-oriented leader of the EPA and direct the EPA to regulate carbon emissions."

Carbon Fee and Dividend

  • The problem - “The cost of burning fossil fuels is paid by all of us, but the benefits are disproportionately gained by industry. There is very little incentive to control the rate at which fossil fuels are burned or CO2 is released into the atmosphere. While a carbon tax would disincentivize the burning of fossil fuels, the money would enter the federal bureaucracy and be detached from other solutions to the problems associated with climate change."

  • The solution

  1. "Propose a carbon fee and dividend systems that: ( Sets an initial carbon tax of $40/ton, which would increase in regular intervals---Use that tax to fund----The Universal Basic Income and Projects that are enhancing efficiency of fossil fuels or increasing availability of renewable resources

  2. Create a border carbon adjustment to protect American goods that would: ( Charge a fee to imports from countries that don’t impose a similar carbon fee, or some type of carbon tax. ----Provide a rebate to exports to countries that don’t impose a similar carbon fee, or some type of carbon tax.)"

  1. "Pass a Green New Deal to save American families money and generate millions of jobs by transforming our energy system away from fossil fuels to 100% energy efficiency and sustainable energy. A Green New Deal will protect workers and the communities in which they live to ensure a transition to family-sustaining wage, union jobs.

  2. Invest in infrastructure and programs to protect the frontline communities most vulnerable to extreme climate impacts like wildfires, sea level rise, drought, floods, and extreme weather like hurricanes.

  3. Reduce carbon pollution emissions from our transportation system by building out high-speed passenger rail, electric vehicles, and public transit.

  4. Ban fracking and new fossil fuel infrastructure and keep oil, gas, and coal in the ground by banning fossil fuel leases on public lands.

  5. End exports of coal, natural gas, and crude oil."

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Yang vs. Gang